Chronic Condition

By Rachel C,

Sleep apnea is common referred to as pauses in normal breathing while your asleep.These types of pauses can last a few seconds to even a few minutes.Typically, normal breathing will then start again causing the body to snort, and even make a chocking sound.Sleep apnea is a chronic condition, that disrupts normal sleep and it will often move you out of deep sleep into a light sleep.Sleep apnea is the main cause of wanting to sleep during the day, because you don’t feel rested. No blood test can diagnose this condition, and doctor’s usually can’t detects this in normal routine visits.Most people who have sleep apnea don’t know they have it because it only occurs during sleep.The most common type of sleep apnea is obstructive sleep apnea. In this condition, the airway collapses or becomes blocked during sleep. This causes shallow breathing or breathing pauses.Obstructive sleep apnea is more common in people who are overweight , but it can affect anyone. Central sleep apnea is a less common type of sleep apnea. This disorder occurs if the area of your brain that controls your breathing, and it doesn’t send the correct signals to your breathing muscles. As a result, you’ll make no effort to breathe for brief periods.Central sleep apnea can affect anyone. However, it’s more common in people who have certain medical conditions or use certain medicines.Central sleep apnea can occur with obstructive sleep apnea alone. Snoring typically doesn’t happen with central sleep apnea. Untreated sleep apnea can cause the risk of high blood pressure, heart attack, stroke, obesity and diabetes.It can increase the risk of worsen heart failure, and it can increase the chance of having work related accidents.Sleep apnea is a chronic condition that requires long- term management. Lifestyle changes, mouthpieces, surgery, and breathing devices can successfully treat sleep apnea in many people.There is another type of sleep apnea, and it is often called complex sleep apnea. This type of apnea is a combination of obstructive sleep apnea and central sleep apnea. Some signs and symptoms of sleep apnea can include morning headaches,not being able to concentrate,feeling irritable, depressed, moody, waking up frequently to urinate,and also a dry mouth, or a sore throat when you wake up. Children with sleep apnea may adopt strange sleeping positions and suffer from bed wetting, excessive perspiration at night, or night terrors. If you suspect your child may have sleep apnea, consult a pediatrician who specializes in sleep disorders.Once obstructive sleep apnea is diagnosed, surgery to remove the child’s tonsils or adenoids usually correct the problem. Not everyone who snores has sleep apnea, and not everyone who has sleep apnea snores.The biggest telltale sign is how you feel during the day. Normal snoring doesn’t interfere with the quality of your sleep as much as sleep apnea does, so you’re less likely to suffer from extreme fatigue and sleepiness during the day.Some helpful things to do to control your sleep apnea can include recording how many hours you’re spending in bed, any nighttime awakenings, and whether you feel refreshed in the morning. You may even want to ask your sleep partner to track how much you snore,and how loud and frequent it is. As you can sleep apnea is not something that needs to be ignored. If you have problems with your sleeping, talking to your doctor about it can solve the problem, and cause you to have a peaceful night of sleep.

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